If you are like me- someone who has drunk much more than one coffee in your life, you might be interested in pondering this question: Why do you think the multi-billion-dollar global coffee industry can be a losing business for the growers, whose hands till the land from where coffee starts?
In fact, if you drink 2 cups of coffee a day for one year, you’ll be spending more than the annual income of the coffee farmer in a developing country. To help present to fellow North American coffee drinkers this huge disparity between the farmer and the other key players across the coffee value chain, take a look at the infographic below.
Considering that North America is the biggest coffee consumer in the world, we can make a big dent by supporting the fair trade advocacy that ensures farmers get paid properly. Take a look at the infographic again. It describes how coffee is made from the farm to the mill, to the roasting plant and all the way to the consumer. Here are some of its highlights that show the bigness of this industry:
– 100 M people depend on coffee for livelihood; 25 M of which are farmers
– The U.S. spent 18 B for coffee yearly, equivalent to Bosnia’s GDP
– Coffee is the second most globally traded commodity after petroleum
For the Silo, Alex Hillsberg Web Journalist
Supplemental- How North Americans can help the #fairtrade program
New Legislation Would Tie Minimum Wage to Consumer Price Index
Ontario is increasing the minimum wage from $10.25 to $11 per hour on June 1, 2014. This new rate reflects the rise in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) since the last minimum wage increase in 2010 and is part of the provincial government’s commitment to fairness.
The government will also introduce legislation that would tie future minimum wage increases to the CPI. This will ensure the minimum wage keeps up with the cost of living, and that increases are predictable for businesses and families. Under the
proposed legislation, increases would be announced by April 1 and come into effect on Oct. 1.
Ensuring the minimum wage is fair and predictable for both workers and business is part of the Ontario government’s economic plan to invest in people, build modern infrastructure and support a dynamic and innovative business climate.
“Increasing the minimum wage will help improve the standard of living for
hardworking people across the province, while ensuring that businesses have the
predictability necessary to plan for the future.”
– Kathleen Wynne, Premier of Ontario
“Our government is focused on helping hardworking Ontarians by ensuring fairness for
people living on minimum wage and predictability for business. By establishing a
transparent, fair and responsible method of setting minimum wage in the future, we
are taking the politics out of minimum wage. This will provide fairness for Ontario
workers and their families and predictability and transparency for our businesses to
remain competitive and succeed.”
– Yasir Naqvi, Minister of Labour
* The 75 cent increase reflects the annual change in Ontario’s Consumer Price
Index (CPI) since the last increase on March 31, 2010.
* The province’s Minimum Wage Advisory Panel recommends that the province
perform a full review of its minimum wage rates and revision process every five
* The panel held 10 public consultations across the province and received more
than 400 submissions from organizations, businesses, and individual Ontarians.
* Increasing the minimum wage supports Ontario’s Poverty Reduction Strategy. In
the first three years of the strategy, approximately 47,000 children and their
families were lifted out of poverty.
* The current minimum wage is $10.25 per hour. It has increased nearly 50 per
cent since 2003.
The Mowat Centre report matches Wynne’s plan released on November 28th 2012(http://www.kathleenwynne.ca/ontario_s_fair_share) , arguing for a principled approach to equalization and that Ottawa should immediately remove the arbitrary GDP growth cap that unfairly penalizes Ontario.
“I welcome this important new report by the Matthew Mendelsohn and the Mowat Centre
– Ontarians are being short-changed by outdated federal programs when we can least
afford it,” said Wynne. “Ontario is well positioned to build goodwill among the
provinces by promoting evidence-based, principled reforms – a process I will lead as
Wynne announced on November 28th that as Premier, she will immediately begin work with her provincial counterparts to advance Ontario’s and Canada’s interests. When Ontario hosts the Council of Federation in Summer 2013, Wynne vows to build consensus among the provinces for a return to principled fiscal transfer arrangements and end the federal government’s ad hoc approach:
* Eliminate GDP growth cap from the Equalization program – Remove the arbitrary cap that will unfairly deny Ontario approximately $1.1 billion in 2012-13.
Removing the cap will lessen the fiscal gap between what Ontario pays into the federation and what the federal government spends in Ontario, estimated by Don Drummond to be $12.3 billion in 2010 (Drummond Report, Chapter 20).
* Principles-driven fiscal transfer system – Increase transparency and guarantee all provinces a fair level of support from the federal government, particularly regarding federal transfers expiring in March 2014, including the Building Canada Fund and Labour Market Agreements.
Wynne noted that over the past 10 years, Ontarians have contributed almost $45 billion more to the Equalization program through their contribution to federal revenue than they have received back in Equalization payments (Drummond Report,Chapter 20).
“Ontario is not getting a fair deal and we need to return to a principled system of
fiscal transfers,” said Wynne. “As Premier I will have the opportunity to build
consensus for a return to principled, rational transfer arrangements that are not
only in the interests of Ontario, but in Canada’s interests as well.”